A star attraction on the stage of the Indian festival is Diwali – a celebration that, speaking generally terms, celebrates the triumph of excellent over evil. The name of the festival is roughly into 'row of lamps / lights, therefore Diwali is widely known as the festival of Lights.
It takes distance over a period of five days on auspicious dates during the Ashvin / Kartika starting – the months of the Hindu lunar calendar that equate to the months of the Gregorian calendar of October / November.
Diwali falls on either October or November every year, counting on the cycle of the moon. The celebration of Diwali is on the fifteenth day of Kartik, the holiest month of the Hindu lunar calendar. The Diwali festival runs for 5 days, with purposeful shows happening on the third day in most areas in India.
The first day is known as Dhanteras. "Dhan" means that wealth and "teras" refer to the thirteenth day of a lunar fortnight in the Hindu calendar. The day is devoted to celebration and prosperity. Goddess Lakshmi is welcome in the house and gold is bought on the day.
The second day known as the Naraka Chaturdasi or Choti Diwali (Small Diwali). The Hindu literature reports that the Asura (demon) Narakasura was killed on this day by Krishna, Satyabhama, and goddess Kali. This day begins by early morning religious rituals and festivals followed on. Kali is celebrated in west Bengal, whereas paper-made effigies of Narakasura, filled with grass and firecrackers symbolizing evil, are made. Moreover, in the morning around four o'clock these puppets are burnt, then crackers are burst, and so finally people come home to take a spotted oil bath.
The third day is that the day of the new asteroid known as Amavasya. The darkest day of the month is that the most vital day of the Diwali festival in North and West India. On the holy day of Diwali goddess Lakshmi is worshiped with a particular puja performed at night.
The fourth day has different meanings through India. In northern India, Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the fourth day as God Krishna had defated Indra, the God of thunder and rain on the day. In Gujarat, it's the beginning of newYear. In Maharashtra, Bali Puja is performed to seek the blessing of the demon king Bali.
The fifth day is known as the Bhai Dhuj. It's dedicated to celebrating sisters, just as Raksha Bandhan that honors the incredible love of brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters gather and share food, to praise the bond between them.
Rituals vary by region. Though, the day is primarily devoted to worshiping goddess Lakshmi who is the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and Ganesh, the remover of obstacles. People believe that the goddess Lakshmi was born from the agitation of the ocean on the primary day of Diwali which she will visit each home through the Diwali period, bringing together with her prosperity and fortune. People assume that she visits the cleanest homes first. So people make sure their apartments are clean before lighting the lamps to invite her inside. Moreover, people also worship small goddess statues in their homes.